Each organisation should take into account that security must remain the
cornerstone of the cloud deployment strategy. There are several
forces driving big companies toward public clouds – reduced costs, scalability,
reliability, efficiency and the ability to attract and retain technical staff.
But in most cases, the success or failure of any project is measured by the
level of security that is integrated to safeguard an organization’s data and
that of its customers.
In the past two years, several
high-profile security breaches have resulted in the theft or exposure of
millions of personal customer data records. The headlines are a constant
reminder of the disruptive impact on a business in the wake of a breach.
Concern about the security of public cloud technology itself, however, is
misplaced. Most vulnerabilities can be traced back to a lack of understanding
of cloud security and a shortage of the skills necessary to implement effective
Security should need not
altogether be viewed as an impediment to migration efforts, but it must not be
swept aside due to pressure or demands from business units. While companies
cannot prevent every attack, building cloud security awareness at the right
levels of the organization from the outset is a first line of defence for
blocking the malicious activity that often precedes a breach.
Which are the biggest security threats of the companies when
using cloud technologies?
1. Data breaches
The risk of data breach is always a top
concern for cloud customers. It might be caused by an attacker, sometimes by
human error, application vulnerabilities, or poor security practices. It also
includes any kind of private information, personal health information, financial
information, personally identifiable information, trade secrets, and
2. Data Loss
Data loss may occur if the user hasn’t created
a backup for his files and also when an owner of encrypted data loses the key
which unlocks it. As a result it could cause a failure to meet compliance
policies or data protection requirements.
3. Ransomware attack
Ransomware is a type of malicious software that
threatens to publish the victim’s data or block access to it. The attack leaves you with a poor opportunity for get your files
back. One of them is to pay the ransom, although you can never be sure
that you will receive the decryption keys as you were promised. The other
option is to restore a backup.
4. Account hijacking
It happens, when an attacker gets access to a
users’ credentials, he or she can look into their activities and transactions,
manipulate the data, and return falsified information.
5. System vulnerabilities
System vulnerabilities can put the security of all services and data at significant risk. Attackers can use the bugs in the programs to steal data by taking control of the system or by disrupting service operations.
6. Advanced persistent threats (APT)
An advanced persistent threat is a network
attack in which an unauthorized person gets access to a network and stays there
undetected for a long period of time. The goal of such kind of attacks is to
steal data, especially from corporations with high-value information.
7. Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks
Denial-of-service attacks typically flood servers,
systems or networks and make it hard or even impossible for legitimate users to
use the devices and the network resources inside.
How does the Cloud Infrastructure
protect the business from the dangers?
Nowadays most companies are still in a process of searching for the
right formula and developing successful strategy to prevent all of the above
mentioned threats. What they should do is to adhere to strong security requirements and proper authorization or authentication.
In the report, “Assessing the Risks of Cloud Computing,”
Gartner strongly recommends engaging a third-party security firm to perform a
risk assessment. Coding technology is also a way to give
no chance to
hackers to hijack your computer or spread ransomware infection. Data is
encoded in your computer and the
backup data is uploaded directly to the cloud storage
Another effective way to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data and apps is to ensure secure access with modern, mobile multi-factor authentication. Cloud security is enhanced with compliance regulations which keep high standards of privacy and protection of personal data and information. In such situation PATECCO recommends organizations to focus on Cloud Access Control, Privileged Access Management, Role Based Access Control, GRC, SIEM, IGI.
It’s important to have a full understanding of the services available to protect your infrastructure, applications, and data. And it’s critical for teams to show that they know how to can use them for each deployment across the infrastructure stack. By implementing security measures across your deployments, you are minimizing the attack surface area of your infrastructure.