Digital transformation comes down to using technology and data to drive innovation and better business outcomes. With regard to cyber security, digital transformation creates new requirements and new risks, as well. Cyber security therefore needs to be addressed through a comprehensive approach that allows users to benefit from these new services in total confidence, while ensuring effective IT risk management for the company.

Digital transition has its great influence on security at all stages of project implementation. The information system is much more open, data is unstructured and arriving in greater volumes.  Users become more diverse and increased, along with the advance of new technologies. All these changes impose adopting comprehensive approaches.

The Role of Identity and Access Management in the Enterprise

Employees, partners and customers need fast provisioning, successful management of application and data privileges, and the ability to shut off access when it is no longer needed. One of the business solutions for these goals, is  Identity and Access Management. It encompasses the entire enterprise, including all business units, individual locations, systems, access points, business partners and customers.

Organisations implement Identity and Access Management on per a system and application basis through the creation of user accounts and administering file permissions. IAM provides tools which are capable of enhancing the authentication systems by managing access to them more efficiently. This is where identity governance comes up to manage who has access to what, who should have access to what, and how that access is being used.

IAM architecture framework

IAM encompasses a broad range of enterprise tools and technologies within a distinct architecture supporting a set of interrelated processes. The IAM architecture framework consists of three core areas:

Directory services: they store identity and its attribute data configuration information, and policies. Directory technology provides an object-oriented, dynamically configurable repository with standards for access, security and information management. Directories are designed for fast response times to queries as the identity information is generally queried more often than it is updated.

Identity Provisioning and Administration: provides identity lifecycle management services, such as ID provisioning/de-provisioning, password management, approval-workflows.

Access Management: it refers to defining and evaluating security policies related to authentication, authorisation, auditing and privacy.  The access management tools certainly have administration capabilities, but their main focus is on authorisation. Access management tools enforce access control policies across heterogeneous environments. It includes technologies to authenticate and provide seamless access to organisation’s application estate. Federation is an approach to authenticate users across multiple sites within organisation.

In general, IAM systems allow organisations to introduce substantial improvements to security controls, achieve efficiency and budget savings, maintain data quality and, importantly, meet obligations to industry and regulatory compliance requirements. 43.9% of the organizations indicate that IAM is strategic, according to Kuppingercole research. That means that Identity and Access Management is one of the top business goals that companies plan to achieve through digital transformation.

PATECCO recommends the organizations to clearly define their Digital Transformation and to communicate it, to implement a comprehensive IAM, beyond Provisioning, with a focus on Access Governance and Privilege Management, to extend their IAM to support customers and consumers and to be compliant with EU GDPR at all levels.

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