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Why Privileged Access Management is Essential for all Businesses

Privileged Access Management is principal to controlling access and delivers the required balance between system administrators and users. In contrast to Identity Management solutions, often confused with PAM, a Privileged Access Management solution offers a secure way to authorise, track, and protect all privileged accounts across all relevant systems, which ensures absolute control and visibility. That process allows the organisation to control users’ access and it is considered to be its most valuable asset. This process also proves the fact that PAM is one of the most important areas of risk management and data security in any enterprise.

In a time of digital transformation, business models are constantly changing which leads to more numerous and widespread privileged accounts. When they are not managed securely, businesses are exposed to the risks of abandoned accounts, unmanaged shared accounts. That is a favourable situation for criminals and hackers to steal and to use credentials for privileged accounts to gain access. To reduce this risk, implementing a cost effective PAM solution is essential.

The modern PAM implementations focus on implementing and maintaining a least privilege model and monitoring activity with advanced data security analytics. Least privilege gives users the access they need to do properly their job. Monitoring and data security analytics detect changes in behaviour that could indicate external or insider threats at work. Those two paradigms keep your business well protected.

Why is Privileged Access Management Important?

According to Gartner’s 2019 Best Practices for Privileged Account Management, a quality PAM solution should be based on four pillars: Provide full visibility of all privileged accounts, Govern and control privileged access, Monitor and audit privileged activity and Automate and integrate PAM tools. In this article, we list the most essential features that can help you secure privileged access to your company’s sensitive data according to these four pillars.

#1 Enhanced security with Multi-factor authentication

MFA feature is a necessary measure for making sure that only the right people have he right access to the critical data. It also prevents insider threats by mitigating the risk of malicious insiders “borrowing” passwords from their colleagues. Most MFA tools offer a combination of two factors: Knowledge (user credentials) and Possession. Validation techniques such as E-mail OTP, SMS OTP, biometrics, soft taken, challenge-response questions, etc. add an extra layer of security to the passwords making it almost impossible for hackers to decode it.

#2 Session management

A lot of security providers offer Privileged Access and Session Management (PASM) as a standalone solution or as a part of their privileged account management software. The capability to monitor and record privileged sessions provides security specialists with all needed information for auditing privileged activity and investigating cybersecurity incidents.

The main challenge here is to associate each recorded session with a particular user. In many companies, employees use shared accounts for accessing various systems and applications. If they use the same credentials, sessions initiated by different users will be associated with the same shared account. To deal with this case, you need a PAM solution that offers a secondary authentication functionality for shared and default accounts. So if a user logs in into the system under a shared account, they will be asked to provide their personal credentials as well, thus allowing to confirm that this particular session was started by this particular user.

#3 Quick detection of cyber risks

The security provided to privileged accounts is quite strict. As soon as any suspicious activity is detected the response comes immediately. That’s the reason why the incidences of data breaches and cyber attacks on privileged accounts are relatively less.

#4 Real-time privileged session monitoring and recording for detecting suspicious activity

The earlier the attack is stopped, the lesser the consequences will be.  In order to be able to respond to a possible security incident in a timely manner, you need to be notified about near to real-time.. Organizations with real-time privileged session monitoring and recording can detect suspicious activity the moment it occurs and automatically terminate such sessions hence reducing potential damages. Besides, session monitoring and recording enable for hackerproof storage of searchable audit logs which prevent privileged users from deleting their history or even editing them.

Most PAM solutions offer a set of standard rules and alerts. For instance, responsible security personnel will be notified every time the system registers a failed login attempt for a privileged account.

# 5 Comprehensive reporting and audit

A well-designed Privileged Access Management solution keeps a track of who is accessing the accounts, the number of times passwords change or updates are requested, how many times the accounts are being accessed, etc. A detailed report is generated and gives the organization a clear insight into the usage and security of the privileged account.

You should also be able to form different types of reports according to your specific needs and requirements. The best option is to get a full report about all activities performed underprivileged accounts or privileged sessions that were initiated out of the usual work hours.

# 6 PAM Enables Fast Track to Compliance

To comply with the standards of the organizations that handle regulations, you should have strong policies which cover privileged accounts, revoking of privileged accounts, audit usage, the security of logins for privileged accounts, and changing of the vendor default passwords amidst many other security control essentials. A PAM solution allows the organization to take control of the management and monitors the security of privileged accounts to meet the standards of the access control demands for a good number of the industry regulations.

Privileged access management remains a crucial element in the security infrastructure for all organizations as it offers solutions and benefits useful for defence against data threats. With privileged access management, companies can solve all potential dangers that might target their data. Here’s why PAM should come first for any business.

What Is the Difference Between Identity Access Management and Identity Governance?

Identity Access and Identity Governance are often used in cyber security business. From clients’ side the terms are often confusing and difficult to comprehend, but from experts’ side they both are the two aspects of IAM, but concepts of each of them are totally different. This article will explain in details about the differences between the IAM and IG.

For the better understanding, it could be said in a few words, that IAG refers to a process that allows organizations to monitor and ensure that identities and security rights are correct, as well as managed effectively and securely. It includes everything from business, technical, legal and regulatory issues for organizations. Identity and access management (IAM) is just a component of IAG. IAM is the technology for managing the user identities and their access privileges to different systems and platforms. But let’s now analyse each of the two technologies, so that it would be clear what functions and capabilities possess each of them.

  • Identity and Access Management

First: What Do We Mean By “Identity”?

In the cyber space, we all have identities. Our identities display themselves in the form of attributes, entries in the database. A unique attribute differentiates one online user from another one. For example – an attribute could be an email address, phone number, or a social security number. Attributes referring to our private and working life are different and change over the time, as we change jobs, place of living, get married, etc.

Your online identity is established when you register. During registration, some attributes are collected and stored in a database. And here we come to the term – Identity management, which literally means – managing the attributes. You, your supervisor, your company HR person, the IT admin, the eCommerce site service desk person could be responsible for creating, updating, or even deleting attributes related to you.

As mentioned above, Access Management is a process of managing users’ identities, tracks, and at the same time managing their access to certain systems and applications. The process of access management is related to users and customers, whose profiles have to be created, managed, controlled and granted the proper role and access. When it comes to performing access management and keeping sensitive data and information secure, giving the right access to the right people is imperative.

  • Identity Governance

Identity governance (IG) is a subcategory of Identity and Access Management (IAM). IG provides organizations with better visibility to identities and access privileges, and better controls to detect and prevent inappropriate access. IG solutions are designed to link people, applications, data and devices to allow customers to determine who has access to what, what kind of risk that represents, and take action in situations when any violations are identified.

Identity Governance in action:

If someone is trying to access the systems who is not authorized, the identity governance solution can determine the access as suspicious and notify about it to the system administrator. The identity governance systems also help in automating the process of cleaning user access right by analysing whether the users were granted the similar access in the past or not.

Identity Governance offers a holistic approach driven by risk analytics and focused on improving security and compliance. Identity Governance has several techniques to provide preventive or detective controls, reporting, and dashboards, data access governance, improved user experience and contribute towards limited threats to acceptable level.
Moreover, Identity Governance tools enable organizations to enforce, review and audit IAM policies, map governance functions to compliance requirements and support compliance reporting. Specific identity governance product features include user administration, privileged identity management, identity intelligence, role-based identity administration, and analytics.

In general these are the differences in the functioning of the two solutions, but both are used to protect sensitive information and data from getting access without permission and proper privileges. Thanks to IAM and IG, an organization’s data could be better secured from unauthorized access, malicious threats and cyber attacks.